Headline News

Within a short time all roads and paths from town to the mine were filled with wives, children, and friends of the imprisoned men.


Homage Is Paid Our Miner Dead
Kemmerer suffered its greatest tragedy in history this week when an explosion sniffed out the lives of ninety-nine men in Frontier Mine No. 1 of the Kemmerer Coal company one mine north of this city.

One hundred and thirty-six miners entered the shaft on the day shift at 7:30 Tuesday morning and within an hour--probably at 8:15--a terrific explosion, caused, company officials believe, by a "blown out shot," rocked the workings, taking the greatest toll of death in Wyoming since the tragedy of Hanna, back in 1903.

Today one of the most impressive services in the annals of the state was held in the triangular park, when words of sympathy and consolation were poured out to relatives and friends of the dead men by bishop, priest, minister, and public officials, at a community memorial services participated in by virtually every resident of Kemmerer, and hundreds from nearby towns.

First word of the explosion was brought to the downtown district of Kemmerer about 9 o'clock Tuesday morning.  No details were known at that time, but within an hour the mouth of the doomed mine was surrounded by scores of sorrowing, hysterical women, children and the entombed miners, and men from all walks of life prepared to put forth every effort, even to the supreme sacrifice, in trying to rescue the imprisoned men alive.

Wives, daughters, sisters and sweethearts of the trapped men stood about the portals of the mine, hoping and praying that some miracle would return their loved ones to the surface alive.

No disorder marked the sorrowful scenes at the man-way of Frontier No. 1, only the outpouring of fear and frenzy over the safety of 136 men under ground.  Officials of the coal company, under the personal direction of President P.J. Quealy, rapidly gathered together volunteer rescue workers and the first batch to enter the mine was composed of about 30 men.  Because of the conditions in the mine they were forced to work in relays clearing away the rockfall and debris caused by the explosion and it was nearly 2 o'clock in the afternoon before any of the entrapped men were located.

The first party of workers to be rescued alive were brought to the surface about 3 o'clock.

Tales of heroism, of men giving their lives that others might survive the terrible disaster, abounded on the surface at the mouth of the mine Wednesday , where hundreds, including the wives and children of the dead miners, gathered waiting for the rescue of the men.

Joe Nagi and Tony Babitch, miners, whose bodies were brought to the surface among the first taken from the mine, gave their lives that twenty-two of their fellows might live.

John Sager Jr., fire boss in the mine, also stands out as one of the dead heroes of the disaster.  Nagi and Babitch, trapped with twenty-seven men, locked their companions in chamber twenty-seven of the wrecked mine and went into the gas-filled passages themselves in a vain effort to effect a rescue.  Twenty-two of the miners they locked in the chamber were brought out alive.  Nagi and Babitch died in their efforts at rescue.

Segar, caught with eleven men in the workings, left them in a safety zone while he went out in an effort to find a way to safety for his fellows:
"You wait here, boys" was Segar's parting words as he left his fellow miners.  He never came back.  His body was found with others.

Sam Bott, who has been employed in the Frontier mine for some years, gave a graphic description of his experiences while entombed.  He was rescued after he had been imprisoned for seven and one-half hours, during which he saw a number of his companions suffocated:
"I was in No. 19 entry when the explosion came," Bott said.  "It did not knock us down.  It was like a big gust of wind.  It carried fragments of coal, some as large as my fist through the air.  My partner, Faustino, shouted that there had been an explosion and told us all to lie down on our faces.
"We did, but after a while some of the boys started crawling aways to the slope.  I crawled out to the slope and encountered the smoke and crawled back.  Then I crawled the other way, but couldn't find the outlet.  We found there was good air in the back of the entry.  We stayed there.  On one side we blocked up the passage so the gas couldn't get to us.  Then we hung a brattice across the other end.  Sometimes we called for help, but we didn't shout very long, because we knew that it wouldn't do much good.  Once, when I crawled out toward the slope, I almost lost consciousness and someone carried me back.  On the way I passed six  bodies of men who had been my friends. 
"We almost gave up hope, but finally the rescuers came.  I cannot speak well enough to tell how I felt when I found my wife, my two boys and my two daughters waiting for me at the manway entrance."


Daily News Frederick Maryland 21 Aug 1923
As soon as the extent of the disaster had been ascertained, hurried preparations were made to take the dead to Odd Fellows Hall and Fitzpatrick's undertaking parlors.

The first dead were taken in automobile truck to Odd Fellows Hall, where members of the I.O.O.F. and volunteer workers started the task of arranging and identifying the victims.

Eighty-eight bodies had been recovered from the mine at an early hour Wednesday morning, and it was a ghastly scene that met the eyes of visitors at the two temporary morgues, where the bodies had been about evenly divided for identification.  Strong, upstanding men, miners, merchants and professional men worked in sorrowing silence as they arranged the bodies to be prepared for burial.  Only a few were burned, the vast majority of the victims having been suffocated from the terrible black damp--the coal miner's menace.  This made the work of identification a comparatively easy task, although some little confusion arose because several identification checks had been mixed.

In discussing the cause of the explosion, President Quealy, of the Kemmerer Coal company, gave out the following statement:
"The cause of the explosion at Frontier No. 1, has not yet been determined, but everything indicates a blow out shot probably in entry thirty, the last entry of the mine.  One hundred miners and 36 day men were in the mine at the time of the explosion.  Thirty-seven were taken out alive.  We believe ventilation has been fully restored throughout the mine.
"The fan was not displaced, outside of the stoppings that were blown out of the slope.
"Men entered the mine immediately after the car that was on the way down the slope was derailed--directly after the explosion."
Mr. Quealy announced immediately following the explosion that absolutely no outside aid, from Red Cross or other sources, would be necessary to care for dependents of the stricken workmen.  In addition to provisions of the state compensation law, which adequately provides for widows and children of killed workmen, Mr. Quealy intimated that the company was prepared to see that no one suffered any inconveniences aside from the terrible bereavement they had undergone.

Mr. Lester Pratt, secretary of the Kemmerer Coal Company, declared that the physical condition of Frontier Mine. No. 1 was unchanged as a result of the explosion.  Except from debris, rockfall and a small cave in about midway of the tunnel, little damage has been done.

Mr. Pratt said the company's greatest concern was over the loss of lives and expressed the deepest sympathy, personally, and on behalf of the company for the stricken widows and children.

Mr. Pratt said Frontier Mine No. 1 had undergone periodical inspections and announced that State Mine Inspector Pete Paterson, of Rock Springs, Wyo., had arrived in the city on the date of the explosion to start another periodical inspection of the all the mines in the Frontier camp.

State Mine Inspector Paterson had no statement to issue pending inspection of the mine where the explosion occurred.  He spent some time in the underground tunnel aiding in the rescue work.

Despite grim tragedy stalking through Kemmerer as a result of the disastrous explosion, the towns folk remained calm under their great burden.  Hardly a family in the community but was directly affected through the death of the 99 men.

As the work of identification and preparing bodies progressed at the Kemmerer Hardware and Furniture company's morgue in Odd Fellows Hall, and at Fitzpatrick's parlors, long lines of mourners, wives, daughters, and other relatives, passed through the aisles, lifting the white canvas sheets that covered the corpses, seeking to identify the departed one who had been the family bread winner.

Deep grief pervaded the frame cottage houses that are scattered along the northern end of the city, from whence the father and brother had departed to their untimely death in the Frontier mine.

The hysteria which followed the first few hours after the explosion quickly disappeared.  When the news of the disaster swept through the little town, women and children in all manner and state of dress ran to the mouth of the mine, weeping and calling for their loved ones trapped in the workings.

From all sections of Wyoming relatives and friends of the explosion victims came to Kemmerer Tuesday.  A roped barrier was stretched at the mouth of the mine to hold back the hundreds who gathered around it and prevent hindrance to the efforts of the rescue crews.

At the mouth of the mine, officials established a first aid station, and as survivors of the disaster were brought out, emergency treatment was administered by a corps of doctors, nurses and Red Cross workers.  These remained at the mouth of the mine throughout the day and night ministering to those who were not beyond human aid.

On going into the mine, after the explosion, the first thought of the rescue crew was to search for the living.  The dead, found scattered through the workings, remained untouched until it was determined that all the men who had not died from deadly blackdamp had been taken from the various chambers in which they sought safety.
At 8 o'clock Tuesday night, when it was established definitely that no more than thirty-six men were alive in the mine, the work of recovering the dead began.  The first bodies were brought to the surface soon afterward.

Within the mine signs of the brave struggle for life made by the explosion victims were found by the rescue crews.  In places they found the discarded tools of the miners, thrown away as they vainly sought shelter in some one of the mine chambers, only to be enveloped soon afterward by the deadly gas.

Wednesday virtually all wreckage had been removed from the mine.  The interior is not nearly as badly wrecked as was first believed.

One party composed of thirty-two men brought from the mine alive made a gallant fight for their lives.  When the report of the blast which wrecked the mine was heard in a chamber which they occupied, the men set to work immediately to perfect a barricade which would keep back the dreaded black-damp.

With bits of canvas and clothing torn from their bodies, they closed every crevice in the barricade and hours later rescue workers found them alive in the chamber.  All were laying on the floor, apparently none the worse from the experience.  As they left the mine, these men passed beside the dead bodies of their companions who, it is said, had failed to heed the safety measure adopted by those who came out the disaster alive.

The other men brought out of the mine alive adopted similar emergency measures.  They were found lying on the floor of the chamber.

Another miner, was reached too late by the rescue crew, which found him lying in the main slope.  He was alive, and was rushed to the surface.  Before he reached the mine portal he had expired.  Doctors at the portal of the mine spent considerable time in an effort to revive him, but the task was finally given up.  On the 1700-foot level of the workings smoke blackened embers of mine cars, buried in the cave-in, gave rise to the belief that fire had broken out.  This was later found not to be the case.

Fully 100 voluntary workers went into the mine to rescue the living and remove the dead before the arrival of the United States bureau of mine rescue crew.

All of the men brought from the workings alive were blackened by smoke and suffering intensely from bad air.  None of them is expected suffer permanently from the gas and smoke encountered in the interior of the great hole.

Alec Inama and Pete Tapero were two of the first men to be brought from the mine alive.  They had been at work in a section near the shaft.  By groping their way through the intense smoke and darkness, dust and gas, they reached the point from which they were rescued within a few hours.

First intimation to outside workers that a disaster had occurred came shortly after 8:30 o'clock Tuesday morning, when dense clouds of smoke begun pouring from the fan house.

Immediately investigations were began, and an effort was made to learn the plight of the men trapped beneath the surface.  Quickly the news of the disaster spread to Kemmerer and environs, and within a short time all roads and paths from the town to the mine were filled with wives, children and friends of the imprisoned men.

Intensely pathetic scenes were enacted at the portal of the mine.  Hysterical women, weeping children and friends, whose tear-filled eyes gave unmistakable evidence of the grief, surrounded the black mouth of the mine, waiting and hoping that all might be well with those below.

Scenes at the mouth of the mine as the living men came to the surface were touching.  Women who had believed themselves widowed by the disaster, and children who had given up hope for the rescue of their fathers, rushed into the arms of their loved ones.  Close by, watching these scenes of rejoicing, stood other women and children, hoping against hope that they, too, might have the good fortune of greeting a husband or father alive.

This was not to be, for soon rescue workers appeared at the portal, bearing the dead of the disaster, blackened by the dense smoke and burned and blistered.  As the rescue crews appeared there was a great forward charge of the hundreds gathered outside the barricades.

In their grief they tore away the rope barrier erected to hold them back and surged about the rescue crews to look at the dead or seek news of those still within the wrecked interior.

Even while Kemmerer was a city of sorrow, with grief plainly written on the faces of those who were fortunate in losing no relatives in the disaster, and while the scraggy lawns surrounding the small frame cottages in which many victims lived were dotted with groups of sympathizing friends, plans went forward Wednesday and Thursday for the burial of the dead miners.

Funeral arrangements were under the direct auspices of Frontier Local No. 2360, United Mine Workers of America.  

At a meeting of this local Wednesday night, attended by Harry W. Fox, president of the Wyoming State Federation, it was decided to hold a public memorial service in the city park at 2 p.m., Friday.

All fraternal and civic organizations in the city have been invited to participate and the local civic authorities have issued a proclamation calling upon the townsfolk to observe the day as one of general mourning.

A platform will be erected in the center of the park, upon which will be the speakers and city officials.  Caskets containing many of the dead will be set around the three sides of the triangle.

Rev. Father P.P. Szymanski, pastor of the local Catholic church, will offer prayer and benediction; Bishop Jenson of the Mormon church, will read a lesson from the Scriptures; Rev. Thomas Evans, of the Methodist church, will give the oration, and President Fox of the state federation of labor, will deliver an address of sympathy.

In the meantime, a score or more of bodies of the victims were buried in the hillside cemetery at Kemmerer, Thursday afternoon.

From early morning Thursday more than a hundred volunteer grave diggers, mostly former co-workers of the dead men from Evanston, Rock Springs, Elkol, and other Wyoming mining camps, had thrown dirt from the ground to make places for their departed brothers.

Brief funeral services were read by Father Szymanski and Rev. Evans.

One long tunnel was excavated as the burial place for 17 Japanese victims of the explosion.

Several bodies were shipped out of the city for burial. 

E. W. Holmes, Lincoln County coroner, has empaneled a jury which will meet at 10 o'clock Friday morning to hold an inquest and try to determine the cause of the explosion.  The jury is composed of Thomas Russell, superintendent of the Diamondville Coal and Coke company, George Brown, superintendent of the Union Pacific Coal Company, and William McAllister, a former miner and member of the Wyoming legislature, and now a justice of the peace.

Source:
The Kemmerer Camera, 17 August 1923, pages 1-2.

Frontier No. 1 Mine Explosion

Shaft of Flame Swept Mine; Starting in the Thirtieth Entry
Ninety-nine miners lie cold in death in Kemmerer's two morgues, IOOF hall, and private homes this morning, victims of an explosion which swept Kemmerer Coal Company No. 1 mine almost from end to end about 8:30 o'clock, just after the two trips bearing the 136 miners to their working places had been made.

There was no intonation above ground, the first sign of all not being well underground being when dense clouds of jet black smoke were emitted from the fan, located in a building above ground.  Simultaneously with this it was found that the telephone line and signal wires were out of commission, by the hoisting engineer.

The alarm spread and it was only a matter of minutes until many had gathered at the entry, awaiting the word from a leader to direct them.  The smoke from the fan house was enough for the expert miners, who at once proceeded to organize for quick and effective work.

By 9 o'clock the first relief expedition was in the mine.  At the 15th level the body of George Wormer, pumpman, was found with life extinct.  This was enough to indicate what happened below, and the belief was at once expressed that it would be fortunate if many would be found alive.  However, about this time Pete Tapero, and Alex Inama, company men, who were working at about the 9th level, walked out, and when they heard what had really happened, they at once re-entered the mine and assisted in the rescue.  Then hopes ran high for other miners in the trap.

It took some time to get an accurate check on the number of miners who had entered the mine that morning.  Ordinarily, the mine employs nearly three hundred men, with the larger crew on day shift, but on the ill-fated day, it developed after a checkup that between 135 and 140 (miners) only had entered.

Trip was Wrecked
The first rescue parties encountered a wrecked trip at the 15th level.  It was evident that the explosion had blown the trip from the track, and the track itself was torn up for some distance, and debris marked the course between the 15th and 17th entries.  One party of rescuers climbed over this wreckage, safeguarding themselves with helmets, when they soon realized that it was a holocaust.  Dead bodies were strewn all along the slope head to feet, lying where they had fallen after breathing the awful gases.  This party went as far as the 20th entry.

Others of the relief expedition at once set out to clear the wreckage at the 15th entry, and to repair the telephone, lighting and signal wiring that had been damaged at this point.  It was only a matter of a few hours until all wreckage had been cleared away, and free access to all parts of the mine was possible, although caution was necessary at all times, as gases were encountered in many places.

Hundreds of willing hands stood in readiness for any emergency, and the organization  of the workers was excellent.
About noon the charred and blackened cars, that figured in the wreck at the 15th level were brought up, which cast gloom upon the crowd as the people realized that smoke and flame had swept the mine.

Most Deaths on Slope
Further investigation proved that most of the deaths had occurred on the slope from suffocation, while those at what is believed to have been the scene of the explosion, were burned and charred, many in terrible condition.  Many more would be alive today, had they remained in the rooms or at the face of the entries.  Indications are that the explosion was gas, and that it occurred in the seventh room of the 30th entry, where the body of Thomas Roberts and a Japanese were found.

Removal of Dead
After two hours of fruitless search for any who might survive the flame and gas of the morning, at 8 o'clock Tuesday the first funeral cars were sent into the mine--those same cars that had carried the men to their doom that morning--to bring them out for the last time.  The first cargo of the dead reached the surface shortly after 9 p.m., and 23 corpses were transferred into seven trucks and borne to Kemmerer, where they were taken to the Fitzpatrick funeral parlors, the Embree funeral parlors, and to IOOF hall, an improvised morgue.

At all three places many volunteers assisted in preparing the bodies for burial, and a score of persons assisted the four undertakers.  Despite the number and the arduous task, many of the victims were thoroughly embalmed, but the utter impossibility of this with the limited number of the undertakers changed the operation to another and quicker method, sufficient to preserve the bodies for several days.

88 Corpses to Surface
Trip after trip continued to bring bodies to the surface and at the early morning hour, 88 corpses had been recovered, leaving 11 more in the mine until the following morning.  The work was resumed Wednesday morning, and eight more were brought forth shortly after noon that day.  That left three more.  Two of these, L. Andretta and Paul Warhol, were recovered late in the afternoon, which left only Thomas Roberts in the mine.  It was decided, when a council was held, after the large crew had become tired out, that the work would be abandoned for the day, but James Roberts, brother of the missing man was insistent that the search be continued and with three others he did so.  The body was finally located after midnight yesterday morning in the 7th room of the 30 entry.  It had been passed by many times by the searchers.  This brought the total dead to 99.

A pall of gloom settled over the entire local mining district Wednesday.  Widows and orphans by the score enacted scenes of hysterical grief that are indescribable, and many last night were attended by physicians. 

Gruesome Sight

The scene at the mine opening Tuesday night was gruesome, as the blackened corpses, some of them terribly burned, were brought to the surface and carried by the dozens from the trip cars to waiting motor trucks.  Incongruous was the sign that had not been removed, "Work Tomorrow," as it stood out in bold relief on the mine office under a glaring electric light.

No reason for the explosion has been officially given out, but this point probably will be settled this morning at the coroner's inquest which is set for 9 o'clock.  The explosion no doubt occurred in the last working level, the 30th, following which the flame and gas carried into the other entries clear up to the fifteenth.  Indicative of this is the fact that the men found in the 30th entry were badly burned, showing the force of the explosion, while others farther up the slope and in some of the entries, showed plainly that suffocation had brought death.  Most of the men died in the slope.

The Oldest Mine
99 Victims of Explosion
37 Rescued from Greatest Local Mine Disaster
Mine No. 1 is the first mine operated by the Kemmerer Coal Company, having been started 26 years ago.  It is now over a mine in length, with a 16 degree pitch, and considerable complaint of gas has been made of late years by the miners, who state that it has become so large that it is difficult to convey the air properly.  It has 31 entries, the last being a sump, owing to a heavy water flow.  Three pumps convey the water to the surface, and are operated at full time during the spring season, but about half time at this season of the year.

The mine itself was only slightly damaged by the explosion, and today is in a position to produce coal the same as it was the morning before the accident. No statement has yet been made as to the future plans of the company as to operation of the mine. 

Source:
The Kemmerer Republican, Friday, August 17, 1923, page 1.

Graphic Story of Phillips of 29th
 The most graphic story of the experience of the miners of the 29th entry  is given by Clifford Phillips, whose presence of mind and cool-headedness had a great deal to do with saving the twenty-odd men from this entry.  Phillips has been in three mine accidents before, two explosions, and one cave, where he and a companion were imprisoned for three days.

Phillips and several other miners were in the 21st room of the 29th when the explosion came.  He first felt a rush of air, then the concussion.  With others he ran toward the slope, until smoke was encountered.  Immediately they returned, and at Phillips suggestion made for an air course not far back of the entry.  Here they found a cave-in, which perhaps had a lot to do with saving the men, as it was blocked and kept much of the smoke out of the 29th entry.  "Let's go back to the face," said Phillips "and bulkhead ourselves in the safe air."

On the return the miners encountered bad air to more or less degree, and caught like rats in a trap, they floundered about into rooms, up slants, through crosscuts, and managed to build four bulkheads, two of which were later torn out by other frantic miners seeking places of safety from the gases.  Knowing the air courses perfectly, Phillips and a few others with him decided to build a large bulkhead.  Seeing it was an impossible task for so few men, Phillips volunteered to go from the 29th top entry to look for help.

On going to the top 29th he encountered about 20 miners sitting down, as they had given up hope.  Phillips asked them to accompany him on his return to the back entry and assist in building the large bulkhead, at which place gas already was accumulating.  All the men refused to go, saying they were doomed and couldn't do anything further.  Phillips was insistent, and for a time the only response he could get from the hopeless men was maledictions.  Patting a few on the back, cajoling and entreating he got some of them started, so the remainder languidly followed, believing that the worst might as well be over.  All were at the time very weak from gas.  They finally reached the scene of the partially constructed bulkhead at the lower 29th entry, near the 15th room.  Phillips took charge of the workmen and it was decided that each man would put up ten shovels of rock and dirt  in turns, so weak they were.  One man fell carrying a rock weighing not over ten pounds.  August Hakala, a large man, was able to shovel only three times before he gave out.

First after the explosion it was terror, then as the weary minutes and hours wore on  the men lost hope and cared not when the end came.  Then, a few whiffs of fresh air would seize them.  Finally the bulkhead was finished, the last parts being coats and other clothing from the miners' persons, which they crowded into the remaining apertures.  They sat down to discuss--those who could talk--what was being done above to save them.

Terrorized, Phillips heard a rumbling and imaginative cracking, and decided the mine was afire.  Without a word to his companions, he asked Hakala to accompany him, and the two left to explore another part of the mine,  where he knew there had been slants and crosscuts that might let himself and companions through to the upper abandoned entries of the mine, where fire could not get to them.  It was on this trip that he encountered the better air and made his way toward the slope.  In the distance he saw lights.

His heart leaped into his throat.  He knew the rumbling he had heard was the trip containing rescuers instead of fire.  Running toward the lights he soon met one of the rescuers, "Hello," said the rescuer, "are you all right."  It was only a matter of moments for Phillips to lead the rescuers to his companions, and thus between 20 and 30 men saved that but for Phillips' efforts might today be listed among the dead.

Source:
The  Wyoming Press, 26 August 1923, page 1.
The Kemmerer Republican,  17 August 1923, page 1 and 2. 

Body of Roberts Last  Recovered
The Body of the last victim of the explosion, Fireboss Thomas Roberts was not recovered until yesterday morning at 12:40 o'clock, 40 hours after the explosion, when it was found more by accident than otherwise by his own brother, James Roberts.  The body was found in a kneeling position in room No. 7 of the 30 entry, where it is believed the explosion occurred.

Frantic search had been made for Roberts' body, after two other of the remaining three in the mine, Paul Warhol and L. Andretta, had been taken out Wednesday afternoon at 3:45 o'clock.  The mine was thoroughly explored, and it (was) afterward developed that Roberts' body had been passed many times during the search.

Late in the night, the searchers, fatigued and weak had almost decided to give up until the following day, when James Roberts said, "I cannot leave this mine without word concerning my brother."  The pathos affected several of the men, so Night Foreman William Allan, Sam Lycett, and another miner whose name is not known volunteered to remain. 

Slowly they started into 30 entry.  Searching carefully they found the lost one's dinner pail in the fifth room.  they proceeded to the sixth, thence to the seventh, with James Roberts slowly leading the way.  Ninety feet up in the room, James exclaimed, "Here he is!"  The body was at once brought to the surface, thence to the Fitzpatrick morgue, which brought the total of dead removed from the mine to 99.

Source:
The Kemmerer Republican, 17 August 1923, page 1.

Force of Explosion
Mike Paylish, survivor of the explosion, told of the force of the explosion.  Mike is a shot-firer, and was near the face of the entry, or the 32d room when he heard a noise, immediately after which the wind was felt so strong that the ear drum seemed crushed by the concussion.  The wind striking the face of the entry rebounded, and every man was knocked down.  So strong was this wind that a tub full of water, used for watering the horses,  was blown the full length of ten rooms.  Following the explosion many hours were spent by the men seeking safety, at many times giving up hope.
Source:
Kemmerer Republican, Friday, 17 August 1923, page 2.


Several Buried
Owing to the condition of the Fireboss Thomas Roberts and L. Andretta, both found in the the lower level of the mine hours after the explosion, burial was made yesterday, following  short services at the grave.  A number of others were also interred yesterday, including a number of Japanese, who were frightfully burned.  Officiating at the services for the Japanese were priests of their own land.
Source:
Kemmerer Republican, Friday, 17 August 1923, page 2.

Efficient Safety Lights
No. 1 mine recently was electrified throughout, the miners wearing a light on their caps, which was connected with a storage battery attached to their waists.  These lamps are charged for 16 hours, yet when L. Andretta's body was found at 3:30 p.m. Wednesday in the fatal 30th entry, his light was still burning, after 32 hours--just twice its allotted time.  It was a sad sight to see the lights, some of which were still burning when they were taken into the morgue.
Source: 
The Kemmerer Republican, 17 august, 1923, page 2.

Their Last Reports
Both fire bosses of No. 1 mine were killed in the blast, Thomas Roberts and John Sager.  These mine workmen enter the mine several hours before the working crew, and come forth with reports on the condition of the entries and rooms, and the mine generally.  Roberts' last report was that there was 50 cubic feet of gas in the 27th entry, but no information could be secured on what Sager reported.  From appearances it may be that Roberts was endeavoring to brattice off gas in the 30th entry when the explosion occurred.
Source:
The Kemmerer Republican, 17 August 1923, page 2.
Kemmerer Mine Horror
Latest News of Disaster in Neighboring Grief-Stricken City
The greatest gloom in the history of the State of Wyoming was cast over the Kemmerer Coal District on August 14th, when an explosion occurred at the Frontier Mine No. 1 at 9 a.m. which caused the death of 102 miners (number of victims was misprinted) and the escape of 34 others, some of whom were badly burned.

Relief crews were organized immediately and under the direction of P.J. Quealy, vice president and general manager of the Kemmerer Coal company, and T.C. Russell, superintendent of the Diamond Coal and Coke company, an experienced mine rescue expert the work of exploring the mine began.  Russell entered the mine at once, and as volunteers rushed to the mine from adjoining properties of the company and from other mines a radius of 15 miles of the camp, more men were sent into the slope until more than 100 rescuers were at work.  The exact cause of the blast remained a mystery early today, although officials of the Kemmerer Coal Company, in a statement issued late Tuesday, declared a blown-out shot was responsible for the detonation.  Another theory is that a careening "trip" car, jumping from the track on the 1700 foot level, where the explosion occurred and caused a spark which ignited a cloud of dust or gas.

Disastrous as was the loss of life, the interior of the mine was only slightly wrecked by the explosion and rescue workers who plunged into the smoke-filled passageways early Tuesday, were hampered but little by debris.  At Entry 15, it was necessary to clear away a cave-in which had buried six mine cars, and beyond, at Entry 17, the workers were forced to relay stretches of track torn up by the concussion.

Most of the dead are lying in the Odd Fellows' Hall, and may of the bodies will buried tomorrow.

Several parties from Evanston visited the scene of terror and reported conditions about as reported above.

Source:
The Wyoming Times, 16 August 1923, page 1.


More Than Hundred Miners Die in Wyoming Blast
Only 37 of 138 Who are Caught in the Mine Saved by Rescuers
Every Portion of the Workings Penetrated and all Living Brought Out. 

It is Indicated; No Fire Followed
Cause of Disaster is Believed to Have Been "Blow-Out" Shot

Thirty-seven of the 138 miners entombed in Frontier Mine No. 1, of the Kemmerer Coal Co. at Kemmerer, Wyo., have be rescued, according to a message received tonight by D. J. Parker, of the Pittsburgh office of the Bureau of Mines, from H.E. Munn, engineer in charge of the mine rescue car No. 2, at the scene of the disaster.  The number of the dead will exceed 100 the telegram said.

Source:
Daily News Frederick Maryland 21 Aug 1923, page 1.

1. Alego, Angelo


alternative surname spellings:  Aleo, Alleo
born:  21 December 1878 in Italy
died:  14 August 1923, Frontier, Lincoln, Wyoming
buried:  Kemmerer, Lincoln, Wyoming
wife:  Mary
immigrated:  1905

Sources:
US Federal Census 1910, 1920
headstone

2. Alego, Joseph (Gioseppe)

alternative surname spellings:  Aleo, Alleo
born:  25 March 1882  in Italy
died:  14 August 1923, Frontier, Lincoln, Wyoming
buried:  Kemmerer, Lincoln, Wyoming
wife:  Kate
immigrated:  1907

Sources:
headstone
US Federal Census 1920

3. Andretta, Joe


born:  21 April 1892, Glenwood Springs, Colorado
died:  14 August 1923, Frontier, Lincoln, Wyoming
buried:  Kemmerer, Lincoln, Wyoming
father:  Bartolo Andretta
mother:  Mary
married
brother to Louis Andretta who was also killed

Sources:
US Federal Census 1919, 1920
headstone
WWI Draft Registration Card

4. Andreatta, Louis

born:  17 or 25 June 1894, Gulch, Colorado
died:  14 August 1923, Frontier, Lincoln, Wyoming
buried:  Trinidad, Las Animas, Colorado
father:  Bartolo Andretta
mother:  Mary
wife:  Louise Perret
brother to Joe Andreatta who was also killed

Sources:
US Federal Census 1910,
WWI Draft Registration Card
Findagrave.com

5. Baba, Kataichi

died:  14 August 1923, Frontier, Lincoln, Wyoming
buried:  cremated remains sent to Denver, Colorado
nationality:  Japanese
age at death:  29 years old
married with family in Japan

Sources:
Kemmerer Republican, 24 August 1923
Register of Funerals Sheet
FamilySearch

6. Bebber, Attilio

born:  1881 in Tirol, Italy
died:  14 August 1923, Frontier, Lincoln, Wyoming
buried:  Kemmerer, Lincoln, Wyoming
married


immigrated:  4 March 1913 from Le Havre, ship name:  Rochambeau

Sources:
New York Passenger Lists 1820-1957
headstone

7. Bebber, Egidio (Agidio)



born: 1884, Austria
died:  14 August 1923, Frontier, Lincoln, Wyoming
buried:  Kemmerer, Lincoln, Wyoming
married:  15 June 1913, Kemmerer, Lincoln, Wyoming (divorced)
wife:  Mary Broso (divorced)*
*listed as single on victims list.

Sources:
US Federal Census 1910
headstone
Western States Marriage Index

8. Berta, George

born:  4 or 6 February 1894, Montleghe, Italy
died:  14 August 1923, Frontier, Lincoln, Wyoming
buried:  Kemmerer, Lincoln, Wyoming
married:  23 February 1922, Salt Lake City, Salt Lake, Utah
wife:  Rose Baronetto

Sources:
US Federal Census 1920
Western States Marriage Index
headstone
WWI Draft Registration Card

9. Brall, Tony

died:  14 August 1923, Frontier, Lincoln, Wyoming
buried: Kemmerer, Lincoln, Wyoming (no headstone)*
nationality: Austrian
age at death: 60
single


Sources:
Kemmerer Republican, 24 August 1923
Kemmerer City Cemetery Records

10. Cappelli, W.E.

died:  14 August 1923, Frontier, Lincoln, Wyoming
buried: Kemmerer, Lincoln, Wyoming (no headstone)*
nationality: Italian
age at death:  28 years old
single


Sources:
Kemmerer Republican, 24 August 1923
*Kemmerer City Cemetery Records

11. Castagno, John



born:  16 September 1881
died:  14 August 1923, Frontier, Lincoln, Wyoming
buried: Kemmerer, Lincoln, Wyoming
nationality:  Italian 
age at death: 42 years old
single
nearest living relative 5 June 1919:  Domonic Castagno, Harins, Italy*


Sources:
Kemmerer Republican, 24 August 1923
WWI Draft Registration Carts, 1917-1918*
headstone

12. Cavecchio, Livio

died:  14 August 1923, Frontier, Lincoln, Wyoming
nationality: Italian
age at death: 27 years old
single


Sources:
Kemmerer Republican, 24 August 1923

13. Christensen, Carl

born:  23 December 1893, Hjorring, Denmark
died:  14 August 1923, Frontier, Lincoln, Wyoming
buried:  Kemmerer, Lincoln, Wyoming
nationality:  American
age at death: 29 years old
single


Sources:
Kemmerer Republican, 24 August 1923
1920 US Federal Census
US Naturalization Record
WWI Draft Registration Card
Headstone

14. Christian, John

born:  1888 in Ukraine
died:  14 August 1923, Frontier, Lincoln, Wyoming
buried: Kemmerer, Lincoln, Wyoming
nationality:  Austrian
age at death: 33 years old
married

Sources:
Kemmerer Republican, 24 August 1923

15. Citerio, Mike

born:  1895
died:  14 August 1923, Frontier, Lincoln, Wyoming
buried:  Kemmerer, Lincoln, Wyoming
nationality:  Austrian
age at death: 28 years old
married

Sources:
Kemmerer Republican, 24 August 1923
headstone

Fatherless Infants
Saddened on a bed of pain, lies Mrs. Mike Citerio, with her little son, born two days before the father was killed.  It was their first son, two daughters preceded, and the father, overjoyed, had planned a celebration for next Sunday, to which a score or more of his friends, many who were killed with him, were invited to attend.
Source:
Kemmerer Republican, Friday, 17 August 1923, page 2.

16. Coli, John

died:  14 August 1923, Frontier, Lincoln, Wyoming
buried: Kemmerer, Lincoln, Wyoming
nationality:  Italian
age at death: 32 years old
widower

Sources:
Kemmerer Republican, 24 August 1923
headstone

17. Coli, V

died:  14 August 1923, Frontier, Lincoln, Wyoming
buried: Kemmerer, Lincoln, Wyoming
nationality:  Italian
age at death: 38 years old
single


Sources:
Kemmerer Republican, 24 August 1923
headstone

18. Desanti, Henry Enrico



born:  21 November 1880 or 1882, Italy
died:  14 August 1923, Frontier, Lincoln, Wyoming
buried: Kemmerer, Lincoln, Wyoming
age at death:  41 years
wife:  Elviria or Eneida
immigration:  1901


Sources:
Kemmerer Republican, 24 August 1923
WWI Draft Registration Card
1930 US Federal Census
1920 US Federal Census
headstone

19. Dodorico, Felix

born:  1897, S. Quirino, Udine, Italy
died:  14 August 1923, Frontier, Lincoln, Wyoming
buried: Kemmerer, Lincoln, Wyoming
nationality:  Italian
age at death: 26 years old
single
immigration 24 January 1921
cousin:  Domenico D'Odorico


Sources:
Kemmerer Republican, 24 August 1923
New York Passenger List
1920 US Federal Census
headstone

20. Dodorico, Oswaldo

born:  1903 in S. Quirino, Udine, Italy
died:  14 August 1923, Frontier, Lincoln, Wyoming
buried: Kemmerer, Lincoln, Wyoming
nationality:  Italian
age at death: 22 years old
single
immigration:  24 January 1921

Sources:
Kemmerer Republican, 24 August 1923
headstone
New York Passenger Lists

21. Dujinik, Paul (Pavil)

born:  about 1883
died:  14 August 1923, Frontier, Lincoln, Wyoming
buried: Kemmerer, Lincoln, Wyoming--no headstone
nationality: Slavic
age at death: 40 years old
married

Sources:
Kemmerer Republican, 24 August 1923
Kemmerer City Cemetery Records

22. Erickson, Eino E.

born:  29 May 1902
died:  14 August 1923, Frontier, Lincoln, Wyoming
buried:  Kemmerer, Lincoln, Wyoming 
nationality: Finnish
age at death: 20 years old
single

Sources:
Kemmerer Republican, 24 August 1923
headstone

Widow Left Alone
Another sad incident connected with the explosion is that of Mrs. Matt Erickson, who lost her husband and son, her only living relatives in America.  The bereaved widow was prostrated with grief, and no sadder spectacle ever was witnessed than that depicted when the sheets were lifted from the faces of her husband and son, lying in the morgue.
Source:
Kemmerer Republican, Friday, 17 August 1923, page 2.

23. Erikson, Matti

born:  14 (4) September 1877 in Finland
died:  14 August 1923, Frontier, Lincoln, Wyoming
buried: Kemmerer, Lincoln, Wyoming
nationality:  Finnish
age at death: 45 years old
wife:  Brieta

Sources:
Kemmerer Republican, 24 August 1923
WWI Draft Registration Card
headstone

Widow Left Alone
Another sad incident connected with the explosion is that of Mrs. Matt Erickson, who lost her husband and son, her only living relatives in America.  The bereaved widow was prostrated with grief, and no sadder spectacle ever was witnessed than that depicted when the sheets were lifted from the faces of her husband and son, lying in the morgue.
Source:
Kemmerer Republican, Friday, 17 August 1923, page 2.

24. Essman, George

born:  5 June 1888, Wellston, Jackson, Ohio
died:  14 August 1923, Frontier, Lincoln, Wyoming
buried:  Kemmerer, Lincoln, Wyoming
father:  John Essman, Jr.
mother:  Mary A. Mischler
married:  1 May 1920
wife:  Kate Dunton

Sources:
FamilySearch
US Federal Census 1900, 1910, 1920
WWI Draft Registration Card

Happy Reunion Brought to Close by the Disaster
(Louisville, Ky., Herald.)
The Arm of tragedy reached from a mine disaster in Wyoming yesterday to a home in Louisville to cast sorrow over a family and end a happy vacation trip and reunion in bitter grief.

Saturday Misses Ida and Clara Essman, Kemmerer, Wyo., and their brother Clarence, of Montpelier, Ida., arrived in Louisville to visit their uncle, Mr. William Drislane, at 2428 Ransdell avenue.  They had made the long journey with the happiest anticipations.

Tuesday evening, they received a telegram that their brother, George Essman, had lost his life in the mine disaster at Kemmerer.  He was the rope splicer at the ill-fated Frontier mine No. 1.  The telegram stated that he was one of the last to enter the mine, and is believed to have been one of the first to perish.

The Misses Essman and their brother left last night on the Pan-American for Cincinnati in order to make connection for home as quickly as possible.  It will be two days before they arrive.  The three were overcome by grief when the news was received yesterday afternoon just as they returned from a drive.  They had planned to visit also the family of their aunt, Mrs. W.P. Lee, 1703 Edenside, wife of the local manager of the  Remington Typewriter company.
Source:
The Kemmerer Republican, 24 August 1923, page 5.

25. Eynon, Frances

born:  15 December 1873 Bloomington, Mclean, Illinois
died:  14 August 1923, Frontier, Lincoln, Wyoming
buried:  Kemmerer, Lincoln, Wyoming
father:  Thomas Eynon
mother:  Elizabeth Evans
wife:  Emily Kitty

Sources:
FamilySearch
US Federal Census 1900, 1910, 1920
Register of Funerals

26. Fausstino, Val (Valandro)

 born: 30 April 1876
died:  14 August 1923, Frontier, Lincoln, Wyoming
buried: Kemmerer, Lincoln, Wyoming
wife:  Katherina of Parma, Italy (12 September 1918)
Misc:  lost right eye

Sources:
Kemmerer Republican, 24 August 1923
WWI Draft Registration Card
headstone

27. Fantino, Marco


born:  23 December 1886 Italy
died:  14 August 1923, Frontier, Lincoln, Wyoming
buried:  Kemmerer, Lincoln, Wyoming
father:  Maurinio Fantino
mother:  Rosa Gallino
wife:  Cecilla Maria Merlo Tappero
married:  unknown


Sources:
FamilySearch
Kemmerer Republican 1923

28. Forsman, Emil

born:  18 March 1892 Harjavetta, Turku Pori, Finland
died:  14 August 1923 Frontier, Lincoln, Wyoming
buried:  Kemmerer, Lincoln, Wyoming
married:  17 Jul 1911, Uinta Wyoming
wife:  Fannie Hiri

Sources:
FamilySearch
Western States Marriage Index
Kemmerer Republican 1923

29. Fortunato, D.

born: about 1897
died: 14 August 1923
age at death:  26 years old
married

Sources:
Kemmerer Republican, 24 August 1923

30. Georges, John


born:  7 June 1887 in Locuna, Italy
died:  14 August 1923, Frontier, Lincoln, Wyoming
buried:  Kemmerer, Lincoln, Wyoming
nationality:  Italian
age at death: 36 years
wife:  Antonia   (by 1930 she had married Hugo Castellucci)
immigration:  1905

Sources:
Kemmerer Republican, 24 August 1923

31. Girardelli, Etore

died:  14 August 1923, Frontier, Lincoln, Wyoming
nationality: Italian
age at death: 23 years old
single


Sources:
Kemmerer Republican, 24 August 1923

32. Gratiski, John

born:  1886, Poland
died:  14 August 1923, Frontier, Lincoln, Wyoming
buried:  Kemmerer, Lincoln, Wyoming
married:  14 October 1911, Uinta, wyoming
wife:  Miss Susie Warhol (sister to Paul Warhol, Jr. and daughter to Paul Warhol, Sr.)


Sources:
FamilySearch
Headstone 
Western States Marriage Index

33. Hagi, C.

born:  about 1871 in Japan
died:  14 August 1923, Frontier, Lincoln, Wyoming
buried:  Kemmerer, Lincoln, Wyoming
nationality:  Japanese
age at death: 51 years old
wife:  Tsuru Haji
immigration of Tsuru Haji:  arrival 19 November 1919 port:  Seattle, Washington, departure:  Kobe, Japan
son was also killed in the mine accident

Sources:
Kemmerer Republican, 24 August 1923
1920 US Federal Census
Seattle Passenger & Crew Lists, 1882-1957
Kemmerer City Cemetery Records

34. Hagi. Tsuyoshi

born:  about 1900 in Japan
died:  14 August 1923, Frontier, Lincoln, Wyoming
buried: Kemmerer, Lincoln, Wyoming--no headstone
nationality:  Japanese
age at death: 27 (23) years old
single
father was also killed in the mine accident


Sources:
Kemmerer Republican, 24 August 1923
Kemmerer City Cemetery Records
1920 US Federal Census

35. Hasoda, M. (Hosota)

died:  14 August 1923, Frontier, Lincoln, Wyoming
buried: Kemmerer, Lincoln, Wyoming
nationality:  Japanese
age at death: 32 (30)years old
single


Sources:
Kemmerer Republican, 24 August 1923
Kemmerer Cemetery Records

36. Hill, Mike

born:  1862 in Finland
died:  14 August 1923, Frontier, Lincoln, Wyoming
buried: Kemmerer, Lincoln, Wyoming 
nationality:  Finnish
age at death: 60 years old
single--widowed
immigrated 1913
(in 1920 lived with the Hendricksen family as a boarder)


Sources:
Kemmerer Republican, 24 August 1923
headstone
1920 US Federal Census

37. Hobara, H.

died:  14 August 1923, Frontier, Lincoln, Wyoming
buried: Kemmerer, Lincoln, Wyoming (no headstone)
nationality:  Japanese
age at death: 30 years old
single


Sources:
Kemmerer Republican, 24 August 1923
Kemmerer Cemetery Records

38. Itow, K.

born:  about 1891 in Japan
died:  14 August 1923, Frontier, Lincoln, Wyoming
buried: Kemmerer, Lincoln, Wyoming (no headstone)
nationality:  Japanese
age at death: 32 years old
married
year of immigration:  1913

Sources:
Kemmerer Republican, 24 August 1923
Kemmerer Cemetery Records

39. Jarvie, August, Sr.

born:  6 December 1873,  Harma, Vaasa, Flinland
died:  14 August 1923 Frontier, Lincoln, Wyoming
buried:  Kemmerer, Lincoln, Wyoming
father:  Thomas Rannanjarvie
mother:  unknown
married:  unknown
wife:  Lizzie Maki

Sources:
FamilySearch
headstone
US Federal Census 1910, 1920

WWI Draft Registration Card

40. Kanada, T.

died:  14 August 1923, Frontier, Lincoln, Wyoming
buried:
nationality:  Japanese
age at death:  35 years old
married

Sources:
Kemmerer Republican, 24 August 1923

41. Kangas, Henry


born:  16 December 1889, Lapingula, Finland, Russia
died:  14 August 1923, Frontier, Lincoln, Wyoming
buried: Kemmerer, Lincoln, Wyoming
nationality:  Finnish
naturalized citizen
age at death:  35 years old
married



Sources:
Kemmerer Republican, 24 August 1923
Headstone
Draft Registration Card

42. Kare, Eino (Einok)

died:  14 August 1923, Frontier, Lincoln, Wyoming
buried:  Kemmerer, Lincoln, Wyoming
age at death:  34 years old
married

Sources:
Kemmerer Republican, 24 August 1923
Register of Funerals Sheet

43. Kawahara, K.

born:  abt 1883 in Japan
died:  14 August 1923, Frontier, Lincoln, Wyoming
buried: 
nationality:  Japanese
age at death: 35 years old
single
year of immigration 1905

Sources:
Kemmerer Republican, 24 August 1923
Register of Funerals Sheet
1920 US Federal Census

44. Kawase, S.

born:  abt. 1892
died:  14 August 1923, Frontier, Lincoln, Wyoming
buried:  cremated
nationality:  Japanese
age at death: 31 years old
married

Sources:
Kemmerer Republican, 24 August 1923
Kemmerer Camera 24 August 1923

45. Kiddy, John

born:  4 February 1885, Almy, Uinta, Wyoming
died:  14 August 1923, Frontier, Lincoln, Wyoming
buried:  Kemmerer, Lincoln, Wyoming
father:  William Thomas Kiddy
mother:  Hannah Street
married:  29 March 1913, Rich County, Utah
wife:  Dinah Lukittus Mayne


Sources:
FamilySearch
US Federal Census 1900, 1910, 1920
Western States Marriage Index

46. Kirino, K

born:  abt 1867 in Japan
died:  14 August 1923, Frontier, Lincoln, Wyoming
buried: 
nationality:  Japanese
age at death: 35 years old
married
immigrated in 1897

Sources:
Kemmerer Republican, 24 August 1923
Register of Funerals Sheet
1920 US Federal Census

47. Kojima, K.

died:  14 August 1923, Frontier, Lincoln, Wyoming
buried: 
nationality:  Japanese
age at death: 22 years old
single


Sources:
Kemmerer Republican, 24 August 1923
Register of Funerals Sheet

48. Kozaki, I

born:  1887
died:  14 August 1923, Frontier, Lincoln, Wyoming
buried:  cremated
nationality:  Japanese
age at death: 36 years old
married

Sources:
Kemmerer Republican, 24 August 1923

49. Kovach, Joe (Kovacs)

born:  15 May 1874 Boly, Hungary
died:  14 August 1923, Frontier, Lincoln, Wyoming
buried:  Kemmerer, Lincoln, Wyoming
nationality:  Austrian
immigrated in 1900
age at death: 36 years old
married:  17 April 1904, Perth Amboy, Middlesex, New Jersey
married to Virginia (Sabo)--Veriba Szabo

Sources:
Kemmerer Republican, 24 August 1923
Headstone
1920 abd 1930 US Federal Census
Family Search

50. Kusnirik, Mike

born:  27 September 1861, Czechosolvakia/Austria
died:  14 August 1923, Frontier, Lincoln, Wyoming
buried:  Kemmerer, Lincoln, Wyoming
wife:  Lizzie

Sources:
FamilySearch
US Federal Census 1910, 1920
Headstone

51. Loddo, Fred

born:  about 1893
died:  14 August 1923, Frontier, Lincoln, Wyoming
buried: 
nationality:  Italian
age at death: 30 years old
single


Sources:
Kemmerer Republican, 24 August 1923

52. Lopez, Juan

born:  about 1893
died:  14 August 1923, Frontier, Lincoln, Wyoming
buried: 
nationality:  Mexican
age at death: 27
married


Sources:
Kemmerer Republican, 24 August 1923

53. Lupcho, George

born:  November 1896 or 5 August 1895, Wyoming, Pennsylvania
died:  14 August 1923, Frontier, Lincoln, Wyoming
buried:  Kemmerer, Lincoln, Wyoming
age at death: 27 years old
father:  Andrew  Lupcho
mother:  Barbara
wife:  Annie Norman married 16 October 1921 in Kemmerer, Lincoln, Wyoming

Sources:
Kemmerer Republican, 24 August 1923
WWI Draft Registration Card
1900, 1910, 1920 US Federal Census
Headstone
Western States Marriage Index

First Day At Work
No family in Frontier was more sadly smitten by the explosion than that of Andrew Lupcho, who lost his life along with his two sons, George and Joe.  Joe had been off duty for two weeks suffering from an injured knee, sustained in the mine, and had just been released the morning of the accident when he was killed.
Source:
Kemmerer Republican, Friday, 17 August 1923, page 2.

54. Lupcho, Andrew

born:  May 1870, Austria or Hungary
died:  14 August 1923, Frontier, Lincoln, Wyoming
buried:  Kemmerer, Lincoln, Wyoming
nationality:  Austrian naturalized in 1896
immigration:  1894
age at death:  53
wife:  Barbara Shintelli


Sources:
Kemmerer Republican, 24 August 1923
1910, 1920 US Federal Census
Headstone
Kemmerer Republican 17 August 1923
FamilySearch

First Day At Work
No family in Frontier was more sadly smitten by the explosion than that of Andrew Lupcho, who lost his life along with his two sons, George and Joe.  Joe had been off duty for two weeks suffering from an injured knee, sustained in the mine, and had just been released the morning of the accident when he was killed.
Source:
Kemmerer Republican, Friday, 17 August 1923, page 2.

55. Lupcho, John or Joe

born:  about 1907 in Wyoming died:  14 August 1923, Frontier, Lincoln, Wyoming
buried:  Kemmerer, Lincoln, Wyoming
father:  Andrew
mother:  Barbara
age at death: 17 years
single


Sources:
Kemmerer Republican, 24 August 1923
1920 US Federal Census
Headstone

First Day At Work
No family in Frontier was more sadly smitten by the explosion than that of Andrew Lupcho, who lost his life along with his two sons, George and Joe.  Joe had been off duty for two weeks suffering from an injured knee, sustained in the mine, and had just been released the morning of the accident when he was killed.
Source:
Kemmerer Republican, Friday, 17 August 1923, page 2.

56. Maginio, (John) Gioanni Battista

born:  8 May 1889 or 9 April 1889, in Sparone, Italy
died:  14 August 1923, Frontier, Lincoln, Wyoming
buried:  Kemmerer, Lincoln, Wyoming
age at death: 34
immigration 1907
wife:  Justina/ Giustina


Sources:
Kemmerer Republican, 24 August 1923
WWI Draft Registration Card
1920 and 1930 Census
Headstone
Western States Marriage Index

57. Magnino, Marco Antonio (Mark Majnino)

born:  27 January 1886 in Sparone, Torino, Italy
died:  14 August 1923, Frontier, Lincoln, Wyoming
buried:  Kemmerer, Lincoln, Wyoming
nationality: Italian
age at death:  27 years old
single


Sources:
Kemmerer Republican, 24 August 1923
FamilySearch
Headstone

58. Martini, Frank


born:  28 July 1899
died:  14 August 1923, Frontier, Lincoln, Wyoming
buried:  Kemmerer, Lincoln, Wyoming
nationality:  Italian
age at death: 24 years
single


Sources:
Kemmerer Republican, 24 August 1923
Headstone

59. Martin, John

born:  about 1864
died:  14 August 1923, Frontier, Lincoln, Wyoming
buried:  Kemmerer, Lincoln, Wyoming
nationality:  American
age at death:  59 years old
married

Sources:
Kemmerer Republican, 24 August 1923

60. Masaki, S.

born:  about 1893
died:  14 August 1923, Frontier, Lincoln, Wyoming
buried:  Denver, Colorado
nationality:  Japanese
age at death: 33 years old
single


Sources:
Kemmerer Republican, 24 August 1923
Register of Funerals no headstone

61. Mendini, Crillo

born:  about 1892
died:  14 August 1923, Frontier, Lincoln, Wyoming
buried: 
nationality:  Italian
age at death: 31 years old
single


Sources:
Kemmerer Republican, 24 August 1923

62. Metsala, Hjalmar

born:  1 November 1898
died:  14 August 1923, Frontier, Lincoln, Wyoming
buried:  Kemmerer, Lincoln, Wyoming
nationality:  Finnish
age at death:  24 years old
single


Sources:
Kemmerer Republican, 24 August 1923
Headstone

63. Metsala, Matt

born:  1 July 1886
died:  14 August 1923, Frontier, Lincoln, Wyoming
buried:  Kemmerer, Lincoln, Wyoming
nationality:  Finnish
age at death:  37 years old
married

Sources:
Kemmerer Republican, 24 August 1923
Headstone

64. Mikami, S.

born:  about 1888
died:  14 August 1923, Frontier, Lincoln, Wyoming
buried:  Kemmerer, Lincoln, Wyoming (no headstone)
nationality:  Japanese
age at death:  35 years old
single


Sources:
Kemmerer Republican, 24 August 1923
Register of Funerals Kemmerer City Cemetery

65. Miura, Fusajirou

born:  about 1891 in Japan
died:  14 August 1923, Frontier, Lincoln, Wyoming
nationality:  Japanese
age at death: 33 years old
single
immigration:  1907


Sources:
Kemmerer Republican, 24 August 1923
1920 US Federal Census

66. Motoh, Joseph

born:  about 1867 in Austria
died:  14 August 1923, Frontier, Lincoln, Wyoming
buried:  Kemmerer, Lincoln, Wyoming (no headstone)
nationality:  Austrian
age at death:  56 years old
wife:  Frances Ganla
immigrated:  1882 and was naturalized in 1907

Sources:
Kemmerer Republican, 24 August 1923
Register of Funerals
1910 & 1920 US Federal Census
FamilySearch

67. Menapace, Ottilio

born:  about 1897
died:  14 August 1923, Frontier, Lincoln, Wyoming
buried:  Kemmerer, Lincoln, Wyoming
nationality:  Italian
age at death: 26 years old
single


Sources:
Kemmerer Republican, 24 August 1923

68. Navarro, F. T.

born:  about 1883
died:  14 August 1923, Frontier, Lincoln, Wyoming
buried:  Rawlins, Carbon, Wyoming
nationality:  Mexican
age at death:  49 years old
married and family in Rawlins

Sources:
Kemmerer Republican, 24 August 1923
Register of Funerals

69. Oyama, S.

born:  about 1875 in Japan
died:  14 August 1923, Frontier, Lincoln, Wyoming
nationality:  Japanese
age at death:  50 years old
married
Immigrated:  1904

Sources:
Kemmerer Republican, 24 August 1923
1920 US Federal Census

70. Palavar, Masu (Max)

born:  about 1884 in Austria
died:  14 August 1923, Frontier, Lincoln, Wyoming
buried:  Kemmerer, Lincoln, Wyoming
nationality:  Austian
age at death:38 years old
single/widow
immigrated:  1913

Sources:
Kemmerer Republican, 24 August 1923
1920 US Federal Census
Headstone

71. Palmyra, Petari

born:  about 1886 in Italy
died:  14 August 1923, Frontier, Lincoln, Wyoming
buried: 
nationality:  Italian
age at death: 37 years old
single
immigration:  1907


Sources:
Kemmerer Republican, 24 August 1923
1920 US Federal Census

72. Pellegrini, Carl

born:  1881 in Italy
died:  14 August 1923, Frontier, Lincoln, Wyoming
buried:  Kemmerer, Lincoln, Wyoming
nationality:  Italian
age at death:  41 years old
married
immigrated:  1914

Sources:
Kemmerer Republican, 24 August 1923
1920 US Federal Census
Headstone

73. Pernice, Marion


born:  26 October 1890 in Santaninfa, Fraponi, Italy
died:  14 August 1923, Frontier, Lincoln, Wyoming
buried:  Kemmerer, Lincoln, Wyoming
nationality:  Italian
age at death:  33 years old
married
immigration:  2 November 1907 and naturalized in 1918

Sources:
Kemmerer Republican, 24 August 1923
1920 US Federal Census
Headstone
New York Passenger Lists, 1820-1957
WWI Draft Registration Card

Lost Husband and Father
 Mrs. Marion Pernice,  a 17-year-old wife with one child, and who is now in a delicate condition in expectation of the second, was sadly bereaved by the explosion.  Her husband, father, cousin and uncle were killed.
Source:
The Kemmerer Republican, Friday, August 17, 1923.

74. Pierone, John (Giovani)

born:  1882 in Villa Minozzo, Reggio Emilia, Italy
died:  14 August 1923, Frontier, Lincoln, Wyoming
buried:  Kemmerer, Lincoln, Wyomin
nationality:  Italian
age at death:  40 years old
married
immigration:  3 December 1910


Sources:
Kemmerer Republican, 24 August 1923
New York Passenger Lists, 1820-1957

75. Pinamonti, Silvio

born:  about 1873
died:  14 August 1923, Frontier, Lincoln, Wyoming
buried:  Kemmerer, Lincoln, Wyoming (no headstone)
nationality:  Italian
age at death:  50 years old
single

Sources:
Kemmerer Republican, 24 August 1923
Register of Funerals--no headstone

76. Rankin, Thomas Snedden

born:  15 October 1886, Scofield, Emery, Utah
died:   14 August 1923, Frontier, Lincoln, Wyoming
married:  Margaret Dyett

Sources:
FamilySearch
US Federal Census 1900,1920
WWI Draft Registration Card

77. Roberts, Isaac

born:  27 June 1886, Fenton, Staffordshire, England
died:  14 August 1923, Frontier, Lincoln, Wyoming
buried:  Kemmerer, Lincoln, Wyoming
father:  John Roberts
mother:  Selina Parker

Sources:
FamilySearch
US Federal Census 1900, 1910, 1920
WWI Draft Registration Card
State of Wyoming Certificate of Death
headstone

78. Roberts, Louis

born:  about 1893
died:  14 August 1923, Frontier, Lincoln, Wyoming
buried:  Kemmerer, Lincoln, Wyoming (no headstone)
nationality:  Canadian
age at death: 30 years old
single


Sources:
Kemmerer Republican, 24 August 1923
Register of Funerals

79. Roberts, Thomas



born:  23 June 1899, Tyldesley, Lancashire, England
died:  14 August 1923, Frontier, Lincoln, Wyoming
buried:  Kemmerer, Lincoln, Wyoming
father:  John W. Roberts
mother:  Mary Tranter
wife: Nellie Wielding
son:  Thomas William Roberts
Sources:
Death certificate State of Wyoming
passport applications
US Federal Census 1910, 1920
Us Naturalization Application
Western State Marriage Index
Boston Passenger Lists

Accident of Reports of Kemmerer Coal Company 1915-1960

mine #    Name                        date of injury    time lost              compensation  

1            Roberts, Thomas             8-15-21             less than 7 days                ----
remarks:  25 South entry 28 room, 3rd finger of right hand squeezed between a prop and some coal.

1            Roberts, Thomas             1-10-23             12 days                          $11.25
remarks:  No. 1 rock dump, right foot squeezed caught between the car bumpers.

1           Roberts, Thomas             8-28-1923          13 days                           $13.50
remarks:  Rock dump right foot bruised caught his foot between bumpers of the cars.

Source: 
hand transcribed from the Kemmerer: Coal Company Records, located at the Fossil Country Museum, Frontier/Kemmerer, Wyoming